Uniform TitleHellenistic royal iconography in glyptics
NameGross, Robert Allen (author), Kenfield, III, John (chair), Thuno, Erik (internal member), Marder, Tod (internal member), Cargill, Jack (outside member), Rutgers University, Graduate School - New Brunswick,
DescriptionThe present thesis essays to ascertain and research problems that concern the social requirements and the iconography of Hellenistic royal portraiture in glyptics. Throughout I employ a methodology established by H. Kyrieleis and R. Fleischer that defined anew the study of the numismatic evidence, recognizing in the obverse typology programs of a dynastic iconography.
The analysis of the royal iconography is pursued in the second through the fourth chapters, which in their organization take account of the distribution of the material evidence. Leaving aside the late Ptolemaic dynasty, for which the numismatic evidence remains silent, over two-thirds of the portraits surveyed represent the types of the regnal emissions or are associated with them in iconography. For the complement of anonymous portraits the I attempt to establish a relative chronology based on correlations educed in the stylistic properties of the obverse types. Whereas some new attributions are proposed, the arguments are equally directed to an assessment of the stylistic idioms in which the iconography is couched. I submit that if judiciously applied against the numismatic criteria, this approach can at least suggest the probable dynastic affiliation or regional origin of a given portrait.
The first chapter addresses the social requirements of the glyptic portraiture in the courts. Principally, it introduces arguments that stand counter to the scholarly consensus. I mount a case to refute the judgement that portrait cameos may have functioned as the ornamental devices of crowns awarded to the priests attending the eponymous dynastic cults. The weight of the evidence presumes that medallions fulfilled this purpose. Further, I would contend that the extended relationship of the glyptic iconography to the obverse types contradicts the theory that the royal house or its commissioners imposed in the aulic environment an iconography of divinized kingship, ideologically separate from that sanctioned for the official, public representation of the dynasty.
NoteIncludes bibliographical references (p. 179-185).
CollectionGraduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Organization NameRutgers, The State University of New Jersey
RightsThe author owns the copyright to this work.