Uniform TitleEmergency measures: crisis and response in the Roman Republic (from the Gallic Sack to the tumultus of 43BC)
NameGolden, Gregory Kung (author), Brennan, T. Corey (chair), Figueira, Thomas (internal member), Takacs, Sarolta (dissertation committee member), Eckstein, Arthur (outside member), Rutgers University, Graduate School - New Brunswick,
Rome--History--Republic, 265-30 B.C.,
DescriptionCrisis, as a modern phenomenon, is universal. However, there has never been a study of crisis as a phenomenon in the Roman world. The following study fills this gap for the period of the Republic. Chapter 1 begins with a general introduction, covering methodology, a survey of previous works that could be thought to treat crisis (but do not in any adequate manner), and an overview of the ancient sources available. In Chapter 2, employing crisis theory and crisis definitions formulated by modern social scientists, a more precise definition of crisis than commonly used by classical scholars is provided. In Chapter 3, the examination turns to the subject of crisis as it was expressed and recorded in the ancient literature. Having explored the Roman word(s) for crisis, Chapters 4-7 will provide a detailed analysis of the Roman response to crises, examining the types of response employed from an institutional perspective. Chapter 8 will provide a chronological account of the evolution of crisis response. Finally, the Conclusion surveys what is learned from the study of crisis in the Roman Republic. It can be clearly demonstrated that the Romans did not have a fully articulated concept of crisis, and that their response was often ad hoc and unsystematic. In the early Republic, crises were handed off to an executive official (the dictator) to be managed. As the Senate grew in stature, it began to take a leading role in crisis management. The Senate's later inability to formulate adequate responses to internal political crises would ultimately result in the downfall of the Roman Republic, since internal impasses could not be solved by any other means than a resort to force. In this situation, the executive (represented by the magistrates) re-emerged as being central to crisis resolution, a fact the Senate itself recognized with the creation of the so-called senatus consultum ultimum, to the point where a single executive official (the princeps) was made necessary by the cataclysmic crises at the end of the "free" Republic, which the government, as constituted, was incapable of resolving.
NoteIncludes bibliographical references (p. 227-238).
CollectionGraduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Organization NameRutgers, The State University of New Jersey
RightsThe author owns the copyright to this work.