TitleStreet vendors, marketers, and politics in twentieth-century Puebla, Mexico
NameMendiola García, Sandra C. (author), Wasserman, Mark (chair), Kaplan, Temma (internal member), Triner, Gail (internal member), Pilcher, Jeffrey (outside member), Rutgers University, Graduate School - New Brunswick,
Street vendors--Mexico--Puebla--Political activity,
Informal sector (Economics)--Political aspects--Mexico--Puebla,
Government, Resistance to--Mexico--Puebla,
Vending stands--Political aspects--Mexico--Puebla
DescriptionThis dissertation examines the business and political organizing of street vendors and marketers in Puebla, one of Mexico's largest cities, during the twentieth-century. Paying special attention to female sellers, who constituted a large majority of the street vending population, this work explores the challenges that they faced when they tried to sell their merchandise in the city's public areas. Established store keepers, municipal inspectors, and the police constantly sought to remove street vendors from Puebla's downtown. Street vendors responded by organizing the Popular Union of Street Vendors (UPVA) in 1973. This militant and independent organization emerged during the height of left-wing student activism.
The vendors' union played an active part in grass-roots politics in the aftermath of the 1968 uprising in Mexico City. The UPVA was organized in part by students, many of whom identified themselves as Maoists, and by female vendors. Women were tough and militant, willing to do practically anything to defend their rights to sell on the streets and care for their families. Several female vendors destroyed police cars and engaged in fights with authorities. They were also skilled negotiators and delivered speeches in front of hundreds of vendors.
Street vendors were political actors who petitioned and organized to defend their economic rights and after the 1970s, participated in a larger movement that carried out struggles for better conditions outside the structure of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI). From the mid-1970s to the early 1990s, the state was relentless in its effort to destroy the vendors' union. The UPVA remained a militant, independent organization despite state violence against its members.
NoteIncludes bibliographical references (p. 244-255)
Noteby Sandra C. Mendiola Garc�a
CollectionGraduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
RightsThe author owns the copyright to this work.