TitleLocal planning for agriculture
NameAndrews, Clinton (chair), Robson, Mark (internal member), Burchell, Robert (internal member), Adelaja, Adesoji (outside member), Schilling, Brian J. (author), Rutgers University, Graduate School - New Brunswick,
SubjectPlanning and Public Policy,
Land use, Rural--Planning,
DescriptionNew Jersey, known today for its dense urbanization, maintains a rich agrarian heritage that is still prominent in many parts of the state. Development pressures in the latter half of the twentieth century, however, transformed New Jersey's agricultural landscape and continue to present challenges to remaining farms. The future of the state's rural landscape and farming industry will depend largely on the mitigation of intensifying suburbanization pressures and the ability of farmers to adapt to changing market opportunities.
While the federal farm bill has been the dominant image of American farm policy since the 1930s, this dissertation presents rationale for the decentralization of farm policy across state, and more pertinently, local governments. It is argued that greater emphasis on local planning for agricultural retention and development will more effectively address the needs of a diverse agricultural industry, preserve the localized public goods and open space amenities conferred by agriculture, and ameliorate the impacts of suburban growth on the farming industry.
New Jersey presents an interesting case study of local agricultural planning and policy. It is the most densely populated and highly urbanized state in the nation, yet despite decades of attrition and displacement agriculture still represents nearly one fifth of the state's land base. The state is well known for its progressive state level agricultural policy and ambitious farmland preservation program. Adaptability and innovation have been requisites for success within the state's farming community in the face of increased competition for farmland, rising farmland values, and changes in the sociopolitical environment occurring at the rural urban interface.
A thirteen municipality region in northern Burlington County provides the geographic context for empirical analysis of the extent of local planning and policy development for agriculture. This region comprises several of the most agriculturally intensive municipalities in the state. A general conclusion of this research is that significant opportunity remains for greater integration of agriculture in comprehensive municipal planning. This finding is particularly important because of the powers granted to municipalities under New Jersey's home rule doctrine to influence land use and promulgate regulation.
NoteIncludes bibliographical references (p. 288-306)
Noteby Brian James Schilling
CollectionGraduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Organization NameRutgers, The State University of New Jersey
RightsThe author owns the copyright to this work.