TitleAnalysis of economic and social factors associated with trafficking in women
NameJahic, Galma (author), Finckenauer, James (chair), Maxfield, Michael (internal member), Ko-Lin, Chin (internal member), Stolz, Barbara (outside member), Rutgers University, Graduate School - Newark,
SubjectSchool of Criminal Justice,
DescriptionThe purpose of this research was to address the issue of trafficking for sexual exploitation by using macro-quantitative analysis to identify the characteristics of source and destination countries, and by studying the micro-level context in which human trafficking emerges.
In the macro-quantitative component of the study, data on a range of variables were compiled from national indicator databases developed by intergovernmental organizations, such as the United Nations, the World Bank, and similar agencies. The trafficking status of each country was determined based on ratings developed by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (2006) through content analysis of third sources. Data were analyzed separately for source and for destination country status using logistic regression analysis as well as different visual representations of the data.
For the micro-level component, an in-depth case study that focused on Bosnia and Herzegovina, a country identified as a destination for trafficking for sexual exploitation, was conducted, using various sources of data. Interviews with representatives of numerous agencies, governmental and non-governmental, (total N = 25) were conducted. Furthermore, databases (MIMOSA database, and Counter Trafficking Module Database) developed by the International Organization for Migration that contain data on victims identified in Bosnia and Herzegovina were used. Finally, information from various reports complemented the findings. All this information was used to understand why this country has become a destination for trafficking for sexual exploitation. Further, who traffickers and pimps are, how victims are recruited and exploited, how responses to trafficking affect the trafficking problem, and how macro-level variables translate into behaviors at the micro-level were explored as well.
Results of the macro-quantitative analysis indicate that low GDP and negative Population Growth were good predictors of a county’s status as a source country, while country’s status as an immigration country and high Human Development Indicators Index values were associated with country’s status as a destination country. The case study revealed that very complex economic, social, and political processes contributed to the emergence of trafficking in Bosnia and Herzegovina, partly as a result of the war and post war economy, indicating that simple economic explanations are insufficient in explaining human trafficking.
NoteIncludes bibliographical references (p. 348-368)
Noteby Galma Jahic
CollectionGraduate School - Newark Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Organization NameRutgers, The State University of New Jersey
RightsThe author owns the copyright to this work.