TitleReentry after the maximum expiration of a state custodial term in New Jersey
NameOstermann, Michael (author), Veysey, Bonita (chair), Finckenauer, James (internal member), Caplan, Joel (internal member), Stout, Bruce (outside member), Rutgers University, Graduate School - Newark,
DescriptionThis dissertation investigates the phenomenon of inmates voluntarily forgoing early release from prison via parole and instead spending the remainder of their time behind bars. The study highlights how these individuals fare in the community in regards to recidivism after their eventual release. This research allows for a first look into the characteristics of this population, adds to the growing body of knowledge about parole supervision, and illuminates for New Jersey policy makers the effects of allowing inmates to refuse parole.
The investigation was accomplished through an analysis of archival data from the New Jersey Department of Corrections (NJDOC) and the New Jersey State Parole Board (NJSPB). Data were utilized to explore a cohort of previously incarcerated persons returning to New Jersey communities in the year 2005. The analysis compared three different groups within this cohort. Groups include: (1) those who are released from the custody of the NJDOC before the expiration of their sentence via the discretion of the NJSPB and are subjected to a period of parole, (2) those who are not released to parole because of parole denial, and (3) those who are not released to parole supervision because of a voluntary denial of parole consideration on the part of the inmate. The primary outcome, recidivism, was measured in three ways: (1) rearrest, (2) reconviction, and (3) reincarceration for new crimes.
Results indicate that those who were paroled were less involved in post release criminal activity when compared to the other two groups. However, those who voluntarily spent the rest of their sentence in an incarcerated setting were not significantly more involved in post release criminal activity than those who maxed out of prison due to parole denial. Voluntary and involuntary max outs evidenced similar characteristics in regards to several important variables used to predict recidivism. This evidences that if the ability to decide to forgo parole consideration were taken away from New Jersey inmates, it is unlikely that this population would be granted parole by the releasing authorities of the NJSPB. Policy issues for both the NJSPB as well as the local criminal justice system are discussed.
NoteIncludes bibliographical references (p. 138-143)
Noteby Michael Ostermann
CollectionGraduate School - Newark Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Organization NameRutgers, The State University of New Jersey
RightsThe author owns the copyright to this work.