TitleAdopted papal kin as art patrons in early modern Rome (1592-1676)
NameLloyd, Karen Jean (author), Marder, Tod (chair), Puglisi, Catherine (internal member), McHam, Sarah (internal member), Pinto, John (outside member), Rutgers University, Graduate School - New Brunswick,
DescriptionThis dissertation examines the art patronage of adopted papal nephews in Baroque Rome (1592-1676), exploring the relationship between adoption and the arts in the context of a political system based on clientage and nepotism. When the nephew was not from the same paternal line as the pope, the onus fell on the pope and his nephew to publicly proclaim, thereby reifying, the solidity of their relationship. Adopted nephews used the visual arts to create public displays of the unity of the ruling papal family, to demonstrate allegiance to a new paternal affiliation, and as part of the client system, in which works of art acted as signs of favor.
Chapter 1 offers an outline of adoption and its reception based on primary source documents; subsequent chapters are case studies of individual patrons. Cinzio Passeri Aldobrandini's (1551-1610) career demonstrates the essential link between paternity and authority. This chapter presents unpublished documentation regarding Cinzio as a collector and reconsiders the significance of his ties to poet Torquato Tasso.
Scipione Caffarelli Borghese's (1577-1632) commissions reiterate the hierarchical relationship between pope and nephew, preempting potential dissent by reaffirming the source and limitations of his authority and proclaiming the unity of the Borghese papacy. The first detailed reading of Guido Reni's 1608 Vatican Palace frescoes anchors this chapter.
Contemporary commentary regarding the first true adopted nephew, Camillo Astalli Pamphili (1619-63), illustrates the extent of the resistance to adoption. His few commissions, from Velázquez and Claude Lorrain, present him as a worthy nephew in an attempt to normalize his unprecedented situation.
The three adopted nephews of Clement X (1670-76) used their projects to proclaim their crucial role in the Altieri papacy and the illustrious heritage of their Albertoni family roots. From new analyzes of Carlo Maratti's Altieri Palace fresco and its development, to the rediscovery of a lost painting by Baciccio, this chapter highlights the issues at the crux of early modern resistance to adoption: loyalty, memory, and legitimacy.
As the first study of adoption and its relationship to the visual arts in Seicento Rome, this dissertation reconstitutes a key component of baroque society and culture.
NoteIncludes bibliographical references (p. 396-430)
Noteby Karen Jean Lloyd
CollectionGraduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Organization NameRutgers, The State University of New Jersey
RightsThe author owns the copyright to this work.