TitleAnalysis and design of quiet hypersonic wind tunnels
NameNaiman, Hadassah (author), Knight, Doyle (chair), Rossmann, Tobias (internal member), Diez, F. (internal member), Richter, Gerard (outside member), Rutgers University, Graduate School - New Brunswick,
SubjectMechanical and Aerospace Engineering,
Hypersonic wind tunnels
DescriptionThe purpose of the present work is to integrate CFD into the design of quiet hypersonic wind tunnels and the analysis of their performance. Two specific problems are considered. The first problem is the automated design of the supersonic portion of a quiet hypersonic wind tunnel. Modern optimization software is combined with full Navier-Stokes simulations and PSE stability analysis to design a Mach 6 nozzle with maximum quiet test length. A response surface is constructed from a user-specified set of contour shapes and a genetic algorithm is used to find the "optimal contour", which is defined as the shortest nozzle with the maximum quiet test length. This is achieved by delaying transition along the nozzle wall. It is found that transition is triggered by Goertler waves, which can be suppressed by including a section of convex curvature along the contour. The optimal design has an unconventional shape described as compound curvature, which makes the contour appear slightly wavy.
The second problem is the evaluation of a proposed modification of the test section in the Boeing/AFOSR Mach 6 Quiet Tunnel. The new design incorporates a section of increased diameter with the intention of enabling the tunnel to start in the presence of larger blunt models. Cone models with fixed base diameter (and hence fixed blockage ratio) are selected for this study. Cone half-angles from 15° to 75° are examined to ascertain the effect of the strength of the test model shock wave on the tunnel startup. The unsteady, laminar, compressible Navier-Stokes equations are solved. The resulting flowfields are analyzed to see what affect the shocks and shear layers have on the quiet test section flow. This study indicates that cone angles ≤20° allow the tunnel to start.
NoteIncludes bibliographical references (p. 86-90)
Noteby Hadassah Naiman
CollectionGraduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Organization NameRutgers, The State University of New Jersey
RightsThe author owns the copyright to this work.