TitleStudies in the taxonomy and biodiversity of South African orthopteroids
NameSpearman, Lauren Ashley (author), May, Michael (chair), Morin, Peter (internal member), Jordan, Rebecca (internal member), Otte, Daniel (outside member), Hayek, Lee-Ann (outside member), Rutgers University, Graduate School - New Brunswick,
SubjectEcology, Evolution and Natural Resources,
DescriptionChapter 1: A volume co-authored by Daniel Otte and Lauren Spearman which was published in 2005 (Mantida Species File) lists the taxonomic histories for all mantid species described up until 2005. In 2009, the published catalog was converted to a freely accessible, searchable online catalog [http://Mantodea.SpeciesFile.org]. Both published media include 17 families (including fossils), 47 subfamilies, 51 tribes, 446 genera and 2452 species.
Chapter 2: Two South African parks, Mountain Zebra (MZNP) and Vaalbos (VNP) National Parks, were sampled to determine the density, diversity, compositional similarity, and seasonal species turnover of the grasshopper communities. The two parks represented two of the biomes found in South Africa: grassland in MZNP and savanna in VNP. Overall 50 species were documented consisting of 2,454 individual adult grasshoppers collected over the course of two seasons from both localities. The effectiveness of the sampling protocol is discussed with suggestions for future grasshopper community studies.
Chapter 3: The South African flightless Hemiacridinae genus Loryma is revised for the first time, with 21 new species described. Species keys, a preliminary reference chart of species, extensive photography of external and internal morphology, and distribution maps are provided. Morphology figures labeled with internal and external terminology are included. Two provisional Loryma species-groups are proposed:
Epiphallic Apodeme species-group and the No Epiphallic Apodeme species-group. The majority of the Epiphallic Apodeme species-group members are found in succulent karoo biome, with one species in the grassland biome, whereas the majority of the No
Epiphallic Apodeme species-group members are found in the fynbos biome. Lorymaini is addressed, tribe members Hemiloryma, Dirshacris and Labidioloryma are photographed, a list of diagnostic differences is provided, and a key to the genera is given.
NoteIncludes bibliographical references
Noteby Lauren Ashley Spearman
CollectionGraduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Organization NameRutgers, The State University of New Jersey
RightsThe author owns the copyright to this work.