TitleLong-term memory for preconditioned associations at 6 and 9 months of age
NameBullman, Amy (author), Rovee-Coller, Carolyn (chair), Matzel, Louis (internal member), Vicario, David (internal member), Rutgers University, Graduate School - New Brunswick,
Memory in infants,
Free association (Psychology)
DescriptionRecently, researchers found that immature human infants can form an association between two stimuli that were simultaneously preexposed in the initial phase of a sensory preconditioning (SPC) paradigm. How long such an association can remain latent before being successfully retrieved and used is still unknown. Because infants’ new associations can be directly or indirectly linked with existing associations (Cuevas, Rovee-Collier, and Learmonth, 2006; Townsend, 2007) as well as with subsequent stimuli or events (Barr, Vieira, amd Rovee-Collier, 2001, 2002), how long a new association can remain latent but accessible defines the period in which it can be incorporated into the infant's expanding network of associations. In the present experiments with 6- and 9-month-old infants, the duration for which the memory of a simultaneous association between two preexposed hand puppets can remain latent before being forgotten was examined. The results indicated that, at both ages, the association can remain latent for as long as 2 to 3 weeks, but the length of this interval is determined by the preexposure regimen—in particular, by the number of sessions.
NoteIncludes bibliographical references
Noteby Amy Bullman
CollectionGraduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Organization NameRutgers, The State University of New Jersey
RightsThe author owns the copyright to this work.