TitleMolecular dynamic simulations of the intergranular films between alumina and silicon nitride crystal grains
NameZhang, Shenghong (author), Garofalini, Stephen H. (chair), Klein, Lisa C. (internal member), Sigel, George H (internal member), Benaroya, Haym (outside member), Rutgers University, Graduate School - New Brunswick,
SubjectMaterials Science and Engineering,
Aluminum oxide--Mechanical properties,
Silicon nitride--Mechanical properties
DescriptionThe intergranular films (IGFs) between the ceramics grains have very important effects on the structure and mechanical properties on the whole ceramics and have been studied for many decades. In the thesis, molecular dynamic (MD) computer simulations were applied to study the IGFs between the alumina and silicon nitride ceramic grains. Preferential adsorption of specific ions from the IGFs to the contacting surfaces of the alumina crystals was observed in the study of calcium-alumino-silicate glassy (CAS) IGFs formed between the combined basal and prism orientations of -Al2O3 crystals. This segregation of specific ions to the interface enables formation of localized, ordered structures between the IGF and the crystals. However, the segregation behavior of the ions is anisotropic, depending on the orientation of the -Al2O3 crystals. Self-diffusion of calcium ions between these CAS IGFs was also carried out by MD simulations. The results show that the diffusion coefficients adjacent to the interfaces are smaller and the activation energies are much higher than those in the interior of the IGF and in bulk glasses. It was also suggested that Ca transport is mainly though the interior of the IGF and implies that diffusion would be significantly inhibited by sufficiently thin IGFs. The growth of the alumina ceramic grains was simulated in the contacting with IGFs containing high concentrations of aluminum ions. Five different compositions in the IGFs were studied. Results show preferential growth along the [ ] of the ( ) surface in comparison to growth along the  direction on the (0001) surface for compositions near a Ca/Al ratio of 0.5. The simulations also show the mechanism by which Ca ions in the IGF inhibit growth on the basal surface. The simulations provide an atomistic view of attachment onto crystal surfaces, affecting grain growth in alumina. The dissolution of the alumina crystal grains in the silicate melts is another important issue in the application of alumina ceramics. The simulations results showed that alumina grains dissolved into the melts homogeneously at very high temperatures. The orientation of the crystals and the compositions of the melts only take effect at some intermediate temperatures, to make the alumina grains dissolution anisotropic. The fracture phenomena of the pure silica IGFs between the basal silicon nitride crystals were studied by applying the constant tensile strain on the simulated IGF system, as well as for the bulk silica glass for the comparison. The data indicated that the fracture was happened in the interior of the IGFs and the thickness of the IGFs has important effect on the fracture stress/strain relationships.
NoteIncludes bibliographical references
Noteby Shenghong Zhang
CollectionGraduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Organization NameRutgers, The State University of New Jersey
RightsThe author owns the copyright to this work.