TitleSteering the State
NameJacob, Anil G. (author), Fernandes, Leela (chair), Kaufman, Robert (internal member), Kelemen, R Daniel (internal member), Putti, Venkata Ramana (outside member), Rutgers University, Graduate School - New Brunswick,
Pharmacy--Law and legislation--India,
Telecommunication--Law and legislation--India,
India--Politics and government--1977-
DescriptionWhen, how and under what conditions do countries engage in dramatic policy and institutional changes? This research question is addressed in this dissertation. Explanations in the literature emphasize pressures from the international arena, domestic political compulsions and so forth. I argue that by examining institutional change in the Indian pharmaceutical and telecommunications sectors in post-1991 India, elite IAS bureaucrats in key nodal ministries of the Government of India exercised choices that strategically generated long-term policy changes, effectively transforming their functions into the political power to shape the direction and content of institutional change. This is not to argue that the elite bureaucracy is an absolutist power but rather that during important phases of policy shifts, they effectively but discreetly exercise functions that are often veto-proof, and make choices with long-standing effects on sectors. Bureaucrats in policy change-initiating “nodal ministries” set the agenda and direction of policy changes keeping in view international treaty commitments. Elite officials direct a systematic consultative process for policy inputs involving a range of other Central ministries of the Government of India and non-state actors; these inputs may be selectively rejected, integrated or modified depending on the discretionary powers of senior bureaucrats in the nodal ministry before being incorporated into Bills subsequently submitted to Parliament. A key finding of this study is the operation of the systematic policy-making process in the Indian telecommunications and pharmaceutical sectors. Data for this study was obtained over 18 months of field research in India and a range of original government documents from 1994-2005 based on files from the Ministry of Telecommunications and the Ministry of Commerce obtained through provisions under India’s Right to Information Act, 2005. These documented precisely who, when, how and why institutional and policy changes were considered, discussed and adopted. This study thus elucidates the entire policy cycle from ideation to legislation and contributes to future studies of policy change in India and other developing countries.
NoteIncludes bibliographical references
Noteby Anil G. Jacob
CollectionGraduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Organization NameRutgers, The State University of New Jersey
RightsThe author owns the copyright to this work.