TitleRaman scattering from layered superconductors
NameMialitsin, Aleksej (author), Blumberg, Girsh (chair), Williams, Ted (internal member), Chandra, Premala (internal member), Kiryukhin, Valery (internal member), Gozar, Adrian (outside member), Rutgers University, Graduate School - New Brunswick,
SubjectPhysics and Astronomy,
DescriptionSubject of this dissertation is the investigation with experimental means of how the Raman response of three structurally similar materials - MgB2, NbSe2, and CaC6- is affected by superconductivity (all three), charge ordering (NbSe2), or crystalline order-to-disorder phase transitions (CaC6). Universal characteristics of spectral renormalization pertaining to the superconducting phase transition are observed in all three compounds. Yet, the crystalline and electronic structures are sufficiently distinct, such that specific for each compound characteristics are imposed on this superconductivity-induced renormalization. Consequently, the method of polarized Raman scattering has been used to establish a variety of physical concepts: 1. Multi-band superconductivity in the layered superconductor MgB2 and its primary mediation by the strongly coupled 640 cm-1 E2g phonon. Additionally, it is shown how a Josephson-like coupling of two SC condensates in the reciprocal space is responsible for an exotic collective mode, the Leggett's resonance. 2. The Interplay between the superconducting and the incommensurate charge-density-wave order parameters in NbSe2, which has been found to be consistent with an isotropic multi-band superconductivity scenario. This scenario is proposed in the frame of a picture that involves a combined "superconductivity plus charge-density-wave" order parameter. 3. The Fano-Breit-Wigner line-shape formalism to account for an anti-resonance interference in the low temperature Raman response from NbSe2 in the polarization geometry corresponding to the non-symmetric E2g symmetry channel. 4. Validity of the double resonant Raman scattering picture in the presence of disorder in the graphite intercalation compound CaC6. Simultaneously, it is explored how disorder suppresses superconductivity. To that end, the CaC6 superconducting coherence peak, too, is presented. All these phenomena are manifestations of electron-phonon coupling in solids. It is probed by inelastic light scattering under the specific constraints of respective crystalline symmetries. Each case, therefore, remains intriguingly unique. The experiments have been performed in a state of the art optical laboratory with low temperatures and high magnetic fields infrastructure, of which a detailed account is given.
NoteIncludes bibliographical references
Noteby Aleksej Mialitsin
CollectionGraduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Organization NameRutgers, The State University of New Jersey
RightsThe author owns the copyright to this work.