TitleProtected quantum bits and Josephson junction arrays
NameUsmanov, Ruslan (author), Ioffe, Lev (chair), Zimmermann, Frank (internal member), Gershenson, Michael (internal member), Yuzbashyan, Emil (internal member), Frolov, Sergey (outside member), Rutgers University, Graduate School - New Brunswick,
SubjectPhysics and Astronomy,
DescriptionIn this thesis we consider a Josephson junction device whose symmetry is described by the point group Td. It can be visualized as a tetrahedron that contains two Josephson junctions on each edge. We find the conditions under which the ground state of the system is degenerate or almost degenerate. In this case, the low-energy degrees of freedom can be mapped to the Hilbert space of a quantum spin 1/2. We evaluate effects of different physical perturbations on the degenerate ground state and find that they are small for most perturbations. We argue that this system can be considered as a very promising candidate for a protected quantum bit with built-in error correction. We propose and discuss an experimental method that allows to test validity of some of the theoretical results obtained for the tetrahedral Josephson junction array and other similar symmetric circuits. We have chosen a simpler pyramidal array to demonstrate the main ideas of our method. Even though the noise resistance and theoretical decoherence time of the pyramidal array are worse than those of the more complex tetrahedral systems, it is much easier to realize the pyramid experimentally. The proposed design can be used with any symmetric Josephson junction circuit. We explore a natural generalization of the tetrahedral quantum bit and consider devices whose symmetry can be described by one of the higher-order permutation groups Sn. We study the level structure and the associated built-in protection of some conceptually simple circuits and show that these circuits have many interesting properties. In particular, their ground state can be highly degenerate and stable with respect to perturbations violating the symmetry. Unfortunately, these highly symmetric systems consist of a large number of identical Josephson junctions. This makes them too complicated for experimental realization.
NoteIncludes bibliographical references
Noteby Ruslan Usmanov
CollectionGraduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Organization NameRutgers, The State University of New Jersey
RightsThe author owns the copyright to this work.