TitleThe impact of beverage type intake on energy intake and weight in 12-month-old low-income Hispanic infants
NameEspinosa, Carolina (author), Worobey, John (chair), Hoffman, Daniel J (internal member), Fitzgerald, Nurgul (internal member), Rutgers University, Graduate School - New Brunswick,
Hispanic American infants--Health and hygiene,
Non-alcoholic beverages--Health aspects--United States,
Obesity in children--Health aspects--United States
DescriptionAccording to the 2008 Pediatric Nutrition Surveillance Survey, low-income Hispanic children aged 2-4 years have the highest prevalence for overweight at 18.4 % compared to non-Hispanic Whites at 12.6 % and non-Hispanic Blacks at 11.8 %. Current research has found that sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake may be a major factor contributing to the over consumption of calories among children. Food preferences can also develop as early as the first of year of life. Therefore, if SSBs become part of a regular diet as early as the first year of life it has the potential to reinforce the preference for sweet tasting foods for which infants are biologically predisposed. The objective of this was to look at how sweetened-beverage intake impacted overall energy intake and weight status among 12-month-old infants from low-income Hispanic households. Participants were divided into non-SSB consumers and SSB consumers. It was found that non-SSB consumers ingested significantly more fluid ounces of plain milk, consumed significantly less carbohydrate (grams/day), had a significantly higher percentage of calories come from fat, and ingested significantly less vitamin C than the SSB consumers. For participants above the 85th percentile for weight for length, the non-SSB consumers ingested significantly more calories from plain milk/formula Consumption of high-energy dense foods, such as sugar-sweetened beverages, is still an important aspect of the diet to target among Hispanics who are high risk for becoming overweight or obese.
NoteIncludes bibliographical references
Noteby Carolina Espinosa
CollectionGraduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Organization NameRutgers, The State University of New Jersey
RightsThe author owns the copyright to this work.