TitleIdentifications of polyphenols and quantification of anthocyanidins in grapes and grape-derived products
NameXu, Yanping (author), Simon, James E (chair), Wu, Qingli (internal member), LaVoie, Edmond J (internal member), Rutgers University, Graduate School - New Brunswick,
DescriptionPolyphenols in grapes and grape-derived products have attracted public and scientific attention due to their numerous protective roles to human health. A rapid and comprehensive qualitative method was developed to characterize the different classes of polyphenols, such as anthocyanins, flavonols, phenolic acids and flavanols/proanthocyanidins, in grapes and grape-derived products. The detection was achieved by two runs with same HPLC gradient in different MS ionization modes and mobile phase modifiers (positive mode and 0.4% trifluoroacetic acid for anthocyanins and flavonols, negative mode and 0.1% formic acid for phenolic acids and flavanols). Under the optimized LC/MS conditions and based on the analysis of the MS and UV data and in comparison with the authenticated standards, a total of 53 polyphenolic compounds were successfully separated and individually identified including 33 anthocyanins, 12 flavonols, 4 phenolic acids and 4 flavanols/proanthocyanidins. With the method developed, a survey was conducted to qualitatively assess and compare the composition of polyphenols among 29 grapes and grape-derived products. To facilitate the quantitation of the major class of polyphenolic anthocyanidins, a simple and precise acid assisted hydrolysis method was established for the quantitation of anthocyanidins in grape juice samples, grape berries and grape skins using LC/MS. Five most common anthocyanidins of delphenidin, petunidin, cyanidin, malvidin, and peonidin in the hydrolyzed grape extracts were included in the quantification study. The validation of this method showed that the recovery percentages of five anthocyanidins ranged from 98.59 % to 103.20% with the relative standard deviation (RSD) less than 5.03%. The qualitative method provided complete insight into the composition of polyphenols in grapes, and other grape-derived products. This quantitative method provides a rapid and accurate tool to quantitatively study individual anthocyanidin in grapes or grape juice samples for quality control and to facilitate the evaluation and comparison of new commercial grapes or grape juice products in market.
NoteIncludes bibliographical references
Noteby Yanping Xu
CollectionGraduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Organization NameRutgers, The State University of New Jersey
RightsThe author owns the copyright to this work.