TitleAn analysis of the listening preferences of elementary school children for Western classical art music in the orchestra setting
NameRichardson-Melech, Joyce S. (author), Berz, Willam Lee (chair), Chrisman, Richard (internal member), Hackworth, Rhonda (internal member), Lundeen, Douglas (internal member), Luke, Reginald (internal member), Leach, Anthony T. (outside member), Rutgers University, Mason Gross School of the Arts,
Music--Instruction and study,
DescriptionThe scope and volume of research of music preference is vast with a strong tradition in music education. Many studies examine particular musical factors such as tempo, volume, timbre, genre, style, and performing medium. Many educational and social factors have been
investigated as well, such as gender, age, influence of peers, influence of adults, popularity, and familiarity. Despite the number of studies concerned with music preference, there appears to be little or no documentation on the effects of concert preparation on the students’ listening preferences for Western classical art music. The purpose of the proposed study was to determine if the students’ participation in pre-concert lessons designed by the Master Teachers’ Collaborative of the New Jersey Symphony Orchestra has any effect on influencing the Western classical art
music listening preferences of students. Qualitative and quantitative methods were used to analyze third grade students’ (N = 74) listening preferences for Western classical art music. A pre-test, treatment, posttest design was employed, supplemented by student interviews, surveys, questionnaires, field notes, and journaling. Both pre- and post tests consisted of a listening preference test based on the orchestra concert program the students were to attend. The treatment
consisted of lessons intended to direct the students in their listening to Western classical art music performed by an orchestra. There was a highly significant increase in the general population for Listening Example 3 with a p value of < .01. It was also found that there was a
significant difference between the listening preferences of male and female subjects for the Listening Example 3 (Movement 3 from Scheherazade, Festival at Baghdad – The Sea –Shipwreck from Nickolay Rimsky-Korsakov, Scheherazade/Capriccio espagnol recorded by The Boston Symphony on Deutsche Grammophon CD# 289 469 659-2). Male subjects showed a significant increase for Listening Example 3 in the posttest with a p value of < .05. Female subjects rated the Listening Example 3 highly in both the pretest and in the posttest, showing a significant increase with a p value of < .05. Interviews conducted revealed that the subjects
recollected events in the concert visually rather than musically. The majority of subjects interviewed claimed that the pre-concert lessons were helpful in helping them prepare for the concert experience. An unexpected result emerged in that the listening preference for 8-year-olds declined for Listening Example 2 while the listening preference for 9-year-olds increased. It is
hoped that this study will serve as an impetus for further research in this area.
NoteIncludes bibliographical references
Noteby Joyce S. Richardson-Melech
CollectionMason Gross School of the Arts Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Organization NameRutgers, The State University of New Jersey
RightsThe author owns the copyright to this work.