TitlePolice organizational change in a post-September 11 environment
NameGrillo, Michele (author), Kennedy, Leslie (chair), Veysey, Bonita (internal member), Samuels, Norman (internal member), Smith, Brent (outside member), Rutgers University, Graduate School - Newark,
DescriptionThe September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks have forever changed the landscape of policing in the United States. Federal legislation, such as the USA PATRIOT Act and the National Strategy for Homeland Security (2002 & 2007), has had a profound impact on all levels of law enforcement. Specifically, local police agencies are now sharing responsibilities in the mission of preventing and detecting terrorist activities. The responsibilities to participate in terrorism investigations and respond to potential terrorism-related service calls have changed fundamentally the day-to-day functioning of local police. However, the federal government provides little direction as to how local law enforcement should accomplish this mission. Little information is available regarding how local law enforcement agencies are responding to the continued threat of terrorism. In addition, there is a lack of systematic research investigating whether the events of September 11 prompted organizational changes in local police departments to accommodate a counterterrorism mission. Therefore, it is not clear how local agencies are adapting to this new demand Using a qualitative methodology, this study explores the post-September 11 response experience of local police agencies in the United States through open-ended,
semi-structured telephone interviews. The study included a national, non-probability, purposive sample of twenty-one (N=21) local police agencies throughout the country. Interviewees were sworn officers who currently served or previously served in counterterrorism capacities within the police departments. The study’s findings indicate the majority (95%) of police agencies in this study (20 out of 21) displayed a spectrum of organizational change. This ranged from changes
at the operational strategy level to the implementation of new bureaus in support of counterterrorism objectives. The most frequent organizational change is the establishment of a specialized terrorism unit or the addition of homeland security functions into an
existing intelligence unit. There is also evidence that local agencies are moving toward an intelligence-led policing philosophy. The findings from the research have several important policy implications for both the federal government and local law enforcement
agencies. Furthermore, this study functions as a source for future research regarding the effects of terrorism on local law enforcement.
NoteIncludes bibliographical references
Noteby Michele Grillo
CollectionGraduate School - Newark Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Organization NameRutgers, The State University of New Jersey
RightsThe author owns the copyright to this work.