TitleVoluntary versus compulsory upper elementary choir participation: A comparison of performance evaluations
Uniform TitleMissouri Journal of Research in Music Education
PublisherMissouri Music Educators' Association
NameHackworth, Rhonda S. (author),
SubjectChoirs (Music)--Study and teaching (Elementary)
DescriptionThis study’s purpose was to compare performance evaluations given by musicians and nonmusicians to upper elementary choirs with either voluntary or compulsory participation. Subjects were undergraduate music majors (n = 32) and non-music majors (n = 24) enrolled in a music methods course or choral ensemble. Subjects rated three different elementary choirs using a 10-point Likert scale and wrote comments on the best and worst aspects of each selection. The independent variable was participation in each choir: Choir 1 was volun-tary, Choir 3 was compulsory, and Choir 2 was a mix of vol-untary and compulsory. Results showed no significant differ-ence between the three choirs’ ratings or between the ratings of majors vs. nonmajors. All written comments of majors and nonmajors for best aspect were significantly different (p < .05). Written comments pertaining only to musical character-istics were significantly different for best aspect (p < .01) and worst aspect (p < .05).
NoteOriginally published: Missouri Journal of Research in Music Education, No. 41, 2004, 4-19.
CollectionHackworth Rhonda Collection
Organization NameRutgers, The State University of New Jersey
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