TitleThe influence of geography and clustering of foreign subsidiaries on the economic sustainability and competitiveness of the regions in Poland - FDI location patterns as regional economic development vehicle
NameMironko, Arkadiusz (author), Cantwell, John (chair), Spatareanu, Mariana (internal member), Langhorne, Richard (internal member), Piscitello, Lucia (outside member), Rutgers University, Graduate School - Newark,
DescriptionThe main goals of this research are to analyze and identify the location patterns of foreign direct investment (FDI) across regions in Poland and further to determine the supporting motives of foreign companies to locate in the chosen regions across the country. Finally this study also identifies the leading foreign firms present in Poland and determines whether the presence of the leading firms in a region has an effect on the location choice of the small and medium foreign firms from the same industry present in Poland. For that purpose a revealed location advantage (RLA) model is proposed to determine relative industrial and country of origin locational concentration of foreign firms across the polish regions. Next, statistical analysis between RLA index measures for the degree of industrial specialization (across industries) in each region on the one hand and on the other relevant local economic factors such as: market size, labor pool and skill, amount of FDI, regional GDP, and the investment in R&D is used to determine the relationships that support the attraction of foreign firms to particular regions. Further analysis is undertaken of the attraction or congestion (deterrent) effect of industry leading firms on small and medium foreign companies locating in the equivalent regions. The results of this research show that foreign firms investing in Poland choose their location predominantly based on industrial agglomeration strengths of a region rather than country of origin attraction. The industrial agglomerations of foreign firms certain in specific regions seem to be attracted by the availability of labor and local market size for production related industries, while the availability of skilled labor and investment in R&D matters more in the service and value added production oriented activity. The presence of leading firms within their industry in regions with the lowest concentration of FDI seem to essentially be a deterrent for new firms in the same industry. The regions with, multiple leading investors, 3 or more, with the exception of the Mazowieckie region, are generally stronger or specialized regions, that seem to have the breadth of local resources needed to attract more foreign firms in the same industry as the leading firms into the region. In other words, stronger regions have a higher capacity to accommodate investment and seem to be able to attract additional firms regardless of their size.
NoteIncludes bibliographical references
Noteby Arkadiusz Mironko
CollectionGraduate School - Newark Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Organization NameRutgers, The State University of New Jersey
RightsThe author owns the copyright to this work.