TitleDeveloping conducting polymer nanocomposites with carbon nanomaterials for molecular detection and fuel cell applications
NameParajuli, Rishi R. (author), He, Huixin (chair), Jäkle, Frieder (internal member), Huskey, Philip (internal member), Iqbal, Zafar (outside member), Rutgers University, Graduate School - Newark,
Nanostructured materials—Military applications,
DescriptionConducting polymers are attractive for chemical sensors because their conductivity and electrochemical activity is extremely sensitive to molecular interactions. The inherent specificity of the conducting polymer based sensors stems from the fact that only certain chemicals can trigger a dramatic conductance change. It can be made more specific by further chemical functionalization of the polymer. The use of conducting polymers (CPs) as low-cost electrocatalysts was also investigated in the early history of conducting polymer research and applications. However, their low environmental stability, low conductivity, and electrochemical activity limit their practical industrial applications. Inspired by the remarkable electronic and superior mechanical properties of carbon nanomaterials, especially carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and the relatively new material graphene, tremendous efforts have been made over the past decade to fabricate conducting polymer and CNT composites with an aim of synergistically combining the merits of each individual components. In this thesis, a series of novel conducting polymer nanocomposites with these remarkable carbon nanomaterials will be designed and developed with an ultimate goal of sensitive and selective detection of warfare agents for homeland security and low-cost metal free electrocatalysts for fuel cell applications. Experimental results demonstrate that the composite shows dramatically improved performance compared to each of the individual components. The results obtained from these studies combined with an introduction of the state of the art of the development in this field and future prospects will be presented through 6 chapters of this thesis.
NoteIncludes bibliographical references
NoteBy Rishi R. Parajuli
CollectionGraduate School - Newark Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Organization NameRutgers, The State University of New Jersey
RightsThe author owns the copyright to this work.