TitleEffect of coprecipitation of sintering aids on the microstructure and grain boundary development of sintered silicon carbide
NameMercurio, Steven R. (author), Haber, Richard (chair), Greenhut, Victor (internal member), Niesz, Dale (internal member), Miller, Steve (internal member), Jessen, Todd (outside member), Rutgers University, Graduate School - New Brunswick,
SubjectMaterials Science and Engineering,
DescriptionCoprecipitation was examined as a method of introducing sintering aids into silicon carbide (SiC) as a fine, reactive coating. The improved sinterability and mixedness of coprecipitated samples, when coupled with advanced densification methods, developed fine grained SiC with varied microstructures. Coprecipitation imparted additional process control and influenced the phase, crystallinity, and properties of the grain boundaries. A simple coprecipitation process was developed to introduce aluminum and rare earth sintering aids into SiC. Early samples yielded low densities so the process was modified to address the dispersion of the SiC particles and breakdown of agglomerates before coating. The modifications improved the densification and influenced the structure and properties. Powders were prepared with varying weight percents of sintering aids and several rare earths in order to study the grain boundary structure and properties. Samples were densified using hot pressing and spark plasma sintering to better utilize the enhanced sinterability of coprecipitated powders. These samples were compared to conventional ball mill processing. Scanning electron microscopy was utilized to examine the microstructure and determine the grain size and presence of defects. The degree of mixedness of the additives was investigated through fluorescence measurements. X-ray diffraction was used to determine the polytype and phase distribution. Selected mechanical properties were measured and compared between the different samples. Hardness was studied extensively, including analysis of load-hardness curves over a range of loads. The hardness data and indents were examined in order to explore the fracture behavior and defect effects. Liquid phase sintered SiC prepared using coprecipitation exhibited very different phase content and crystallinity than ball milled samples. Fluorescence measurements for coprecipitated samples showed longer decay lifetimes indicating improved mixedness. Samples with amorphous grain boundaries and triple points were developed, where XRD results displayed a lower amount of yttrium aluminum garnet than other methods. The formation of a crystalline mullite phase and absence of excess alumina were observed. These overall results indicated the possibility of different fracture behavior.
NoteIncludes bibliographical references
Noteby Steven R. Mercurio Jr.
CollectionGraduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Organization NameRutgers, The State University of New Jersey
RightsThe author owns the copyright to this work.