TitleConsent accountability and organization performance
NameHoontis, Peter P. (author), Riccucci, Norma M (chair), Holzer, Marc (internal member), Powell, Arthur (internal member), Hamidullah, Madinah (internal member), Lane, Frederick S (outside member), Rutgers University, Graduate School - Newark,
SubjectPublic Administration (SPAA),
Nonprofit organizations--United States,
Boards of directors,
DescriptionThe nonprofit sector in the United States has experienced rapid growth in the last decade (Urban Institute, 2009). The work of these 1.7 million organizations is carried out through a network of paid staff and volunteers. Of the 27% of adult Americans who volunteer (Urban Institute, 2009) a small assemblage volunteer to serve on the board of directors. They accept a call to serve as those who volunteer to tutor in an afterschool program, serve food at a homeless shelter, or lead a book club at a senior center. The volunteers who serve as members of nonprofit boards take on fiduciary and statutory responsibility for stewardship of $4.3 trillion of assets (Urban Institute, 2009) providing services to millions of people. Often, board members come to serve in this capacity with very little experience as a program volunteer and less as a volunteer board member (Brudney & Murray, 1998). They join the organization as a board member with a high level of motivation to serve (Inglis & Cleave, 2006). When people volunteer to serve food, tutor, or mentor they are given an orientation to the task, have a clear understanding of what it is to be successful in achieving their task, and how their work is linked to achieving the mission of the organization (Ellis, 1996). Research on boards tells us much about what board members should be doing to fulfill their fiduciary and statutory responsibilities (Craver, 2006; Chait, 2005; Herman, 2009; and Ostrower, 2007), but a modest amount of research addresses how board members accomplish these responsibilities and what the antecedents are for their success. This research asked: is there a relationship between effective participation traits of board members and the effectiveness of nonprofit organizations? Based on the theoretical model— The Rosener Participation Effectiveness Matrix— a series of focus groups, interviews, observations, and surveys rating the participation effectiveness of ten nonprofit boards (involving 113 volunteers) was conducted. The ratings of these boards were compared to an existing data set which rated the overall effectiveness of these organizations. An analysis of the relationship between the data sets was conducted. The results of this study indicate a possible relationship between the presence of certain board participation traits and the effectiveness of nonprofit organizations. This research points to the need to expand our thinking about how we rate nonprofit performance. It also contributes to advancing our understanding of the important, often overlooked, and underestimated role of the volunteer boards of nonprofit organizations in the United States.
NoteIncludes bibliographical references
Noteby Peter P. Hoontis
CollectionGraduate School - Newark Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Organization NameRutgers, The State University of New Jersey
RightsThe author owns the copyright to this work.