TitleTone, Segments, and Their Interaction in North Kyungsang Korean: A Correspondence Theoretic Account
NameKim, No-Ju (Author), Ohio State University,
DescriptionThis thesis places emphasis on the following issues: (i) a default H for tone, (ii) prosodic stem (P-stem) for tone and segments, and (iii) C-command for phrasing. A group of roots has no H in UR. A default H is assigned to the final syllable of a toneless root if it is heavy, or otherwise to the penult. Recognition of this default H renders a convincing account of the following: (i) tone in loan words, (ii) a unique tone pattern in roots longer than three syllables, (iii) words exhibiting dual tone patterns, (iv) quantity-sensitivity in tone shift and assignment, and (v) asymmetry in the number of words for possible tone patterns. A prosodic unit, P-stem, is recognized not only for this dialect but for all the other dialects of Korean. A morphological stem (M-stem) corresponds to a prosodic stem (P-stem ) unless a mismatch is compelled by other constraints. One mismatch between the right edges of an M-stem and a P-stem is driven by syllabification. If an M-stem ending with a consonant is followed by a vowel-initial suffix, the M-stem-final consonant is syllabified as the onset of the following syllable. There is a tendency for the edge of a P-stem to be aligned with the edge of a syllable. Due to this, the syllable constructed across an M-stem boundary is incorporated into the P-stem, resulting in a mismatch between the right edges of a P-stem and an M-stem. Recognition of this mismatch explains four seemingly-unrelated phenomena: (i) two types of shortening, (ii) compensatory lengthening, and (iii) blockage of tone shift. The C-command constraint plays a major role in mapping morphosyntactic units to prosodic phrases (P-phrases) with focus or without focus. Dealing with a wide range of syntactic configurations including recursion, embedding, and coordination, it is shown that the mapping, called phrasing, is regulated by a set of constraints. Compounds(composed of more than two words) and modified compounds are organized into a number of P-phrases. Focus also affects phrasing of sentences. The constraint C-command has a focal role in the analysis of all these constructions with focus or without focus.
CollectionRutgers Optimality Archive
Organization NameRutgers, The State University of New Jersey
RightsThe author owns the copyright to this work