TitleTheoretical Implications of OCP Effects on Features in Optimality Theory
NameFukazawa, Haruka (Author), University of Maryland (College Park, Md.),
OCP (Obligatory Contour Principle)
DescriptionThis dissertation applies Optimality Theory (OT: Prince and Smolensky 1993) to furnish a typological study of the effects of the Obligatory Contour Principle (OCP) on features. In OT, language-particular differences are described by different rankings of the universal set of constraints. Thus, the differences in the OCP effects on features are totally derived from the distinct ranking in each language. The first goal is to propose that languages are classified into four types based on the OCP effects on features and the repair strategies, i.e., the OCP can be violated (Type 1); featural fusion is observed (Type 2); featural deletion and insertion take place (Type 3); and both featural and segmental deletions are observed (Type 4). To confirm the proposed constraint rankings for each type, the data from actual languages are analyzed. Featural fusion in Ponapean, coronal dissimilation in Dakota, and featural and segmental deletions in Basque are analyzed as a Type 2, a Type 3, and a Type 4 languages, respectively. The second goal is to ascertain the status of features as independent elements of segments on the basis of the typological study. The second goal leads to the third goal which is to show the necessity to introduce the independent set of faithfulness constraints specifically for features. Throughout this dissertation, faithfulness constraints and faithfulness in grammar are the general themes. This dissertation also provides support for and extends three new theoretical aspects in OT: (i) motivation for Local Conjunction and restrictions on the conjoinability of constraints; (ii) extension of Sympathy Theory to general opacity; and (iii) multiple input-output faithfulness relations within a language. The discussion in the analysis of stop alternation in Yucatec Maya makes it clear that the notions of Local Conjunction and Sympathy Theory need to be introduced to analyze the OCP effect on features in this language. The claim of multiple faithfulness relations accounts for Japanese OCP effects on features, namely, Rendaku and Lyman's Law which are observed only in a native vocabulary.
CollectionRutgers Optimality Archive
Organization NameRutgers, The State University of New Jersey
RightsThe author owns the copyright to this work